99% Invisible podcast – Making Up Ground

http://99percentinvisible.org/episode/making-up-ground/

On May 3rd, 1978, construction workers in San Francisco were digging a foundation for a new building on Sansome Street, right next to the Transamerica Pyramid in the heart of the financial district. About 20 feet below street-level their shovels hit something totally unexpected. It was the hull of an old boat.

This podcast is about manufacturing land.

 

Land for What? London – Environment and The Rights Of Nature

The focus in the other workshops is on how land can be used to satisfy human needs such as for housing, food and social space. However, what about all the other species that we share the planet with, as well as the air we breathe and the water we drink? How do we ensure that both the planet and human beings thrive?

This workshop will examine the environmental consequences of the current patterns of land use and then consider alternative ways in which we can distribute and use the land.

Andrew
Alex, Past Tense
Richard, Grow Heathrow
Lynne Davies, Open Food Network
Christine, Radical Housing Network

Land for What? London – Success Stories In Land Use

There is a lot wrong with land use in this country but where and when have things gone well!? What can we learn from success stories?

This session will explore both urban and rural case studies including Cate Chapman (Ecological Land Coop), Peter Peacock (Community Land Scotland), Jonathan Rosenberg (Walterton and Elgin Community Homes) and Zhenya Kazlou (Ecomotive).

Land for What? London – Public and Community Space

A session exploring the effect of privatisation and austerity on parks, recreation, community and public spaces Hosted by Kate Swade (Shared Assets) with Dave Morris  (National Federation of Parks and Green Spaces).

Land for What? London – Land: the Fundamentals

What facts and knowledge are important to understand when starting to think about land in the UK? This session is designed for people who are relative new comers to exploring land as a common issue and will be repeated twice as we believe many of you will find this a really useful overview and introduction to the topic.

Presented by Kate Swade (Shared Assets) and Alice Martin (New Economics Foundation).

Land for What? London – Capturing the value of land for the common good

Increases in land value can be divisive as owners benefit while everyone else pays the cost.

Communities create the value of land yet do not benefit from it. In this session we will collaboratively explore three ways to address this problem by looking at Land Value Tax, ‘Planning Gain’ taxes and rethinking ownership.

Molly Scott Cato (MEP, Green Party)
Duncan McCann (nef)
Duncan Bowie (University of Westminster)

Land for What? London – What would a Westminster land reform act look like?



Land reform has rarely been in the political agenda in the last half century, however more people are now understanding its importance.

This session will explore key focuses for UK land reform legislation. What is realistic and what would be most important? Join land rights campaigners Marion Shoard and Andy Wightman to discuss these questions.

Report of discussions at Land for What on 12th-13th November 2016

On the weekend of 12th-13th November 2016, hundreds of people with diverse backgrounds and interests gathered to talk about the issues surrounding land, and to look for spaces for solutions. This report summarises some of the sessions from the weekend. Thanks to everyone who submitted a session summary. We hope it can be useful for people who weren’t able to make it to the event, and will help inspire further discussions.

Read the full report here

Get Your Facts Straight: Land Stats Everyone Should Know

Facts

  • 69% of land in the UK is owned by 0.6% of the population.
  • UK housing is concentrated on 5% of the country’s land mass.
  • Only 64% of people have a small stake in the 5% of land on which our housing is built.
  • Home and land ownership is in decline.
  • 1/3 of British land is still owned by aristocrats.
  • The value of ‘dwellings’ (homes and the land underneath them) has increased by four times (or 400%) between 1995 and 2015, from £1.2 trillion to £5.5 trillion.
  • The property wealth of the top 10% of households is nearly 5 times greater than the wealth of the bottom half of all households combined.
  • Landlords own almost 40% of all former council houses with the government’s ‘right-to-buy’ scheme.
  • The annual amount of overseas investment in the UK housing market has rise from around £6bn per year a decade ago to £32bn by 2014.
  • 74% of house price increases between 1950 and 2012 in the UK can be explained by rising land prices with the remainder attributable to increases in construction costs.
  • Land often increases in value due to public investment in infrastructure, such as roads, public transport, housing, etc. It has been estimated that the extension of the Jubilee Line of the London Underground which opened in 1999 increased local residential land values within 1000 yards of each of the stations by £13 billion (Riley, 2001). As a result, such publically funded infrastructure projects almost always involve a substantial transfer of wealth from a large number of taxpayers to a small number of land owners – a classic case of economic rent.

Sources:

Who really owns Britain?, Country Life, November 2010.

Modern Land Reform, New Economics Foundation, publication forthcoming.

Who Owns Britain, Kevin Cahill, 2001.